Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity disorder is a brain disorder that is diagnosed during childhood, this disorder includes inattention (not being able to keep focus), hyperactivity (excess movement that is not fitting to the setting), and impulsivity (hasty acts that occur at the moment without thought). Children grow up into adulthood with ADHD if not well managed from childhood. ADHD occurs more often in boys than girls and the signs may differ in both genders.


These symptoms are grouped into 3 parts

  1. Inattentiveness
    i. Making careless mistakes
    ii. Difficulty completing a task
    iii. Absent-minded
    IV. Does not follow through on instructions and doesn’t complete schoolwork, chores, or job duties
    v. Disorganized.
    vi. Procrastination and chronic lateness
    vi. Forgetful
    vii. Is easily distracted.
  2. Hyperactive impulse
    i. Fidgets with or taps hands/feet, or squirms in seat.
    ii. Interrupts others
    iii. Talks too much
    iv. Unable to stay or seated in a place
    v. Always “on the go,” as if driven by a motor.
    vi. Impatient
    vii. Impulse buying
    viii. Low tolerance
  3. Combination of both Inattentiveness and Hyperactive Impulse.

The Causes of ADHD

Scientists have not yet identified the specific causes of ADHD. But below are some of the known causes.

  1. Genetics contribute to ADHD.
  2. Other factors that may contribute to the development of ADHD include being born prematurely, brain injury, and the mother smoking, drinking alcohol excessively.
  3. Having extreme stress during pregnancy.
  4. Chemicals
  5. Brain injuries
  6. Poor Nutrition


To help reduce your child’s risk of ADHD:

  • During pregnancies, avoid anything that could harm fetal development. For example, don’t drink alcohol, use recreational drugs, or smoke cigarettes.
  • Protect your child from exposure to pollutants and toxins, including cigarette smoke and led paint.
  • Limit screen time. Although still unproven, it is advisable for children to avoid excessive exposure to TV and video games in the first five years of life. This is because children with ADHD who struggle with time management can spend hours and hours in front of a screen without realizing how much time has passed.
    Read more on Controlling Screen Time for Children with ADHD Learn more about Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

ADHD in adults almost always occurs together with one or more other disorders, such as anxiety (accounts for about half of adults with ADHD), depression, bipolar disorder, or substance use disorder. A qualified professional can determine if these problems are due to ADHD, some other cause, or a combination of causes.

Conditions Linked/coexisting with ADHD

  1. Anxiety and Depression
  2. Mood swings
  3. Insomnia
  4. Learning disability




ADHD is highly manageable in adults using an individualized, multi-modality treatment approach. Combination treatment — medication (e.g., stimulants) plus psychotherapy (talk therapy) — seems to offer the best chance at symptom relief for adults. Most Importantly, If you think you have adult ADHD, ask your doctor about getting an adult ADHD evaluation.

Above all, being diagnosed with ADHD does not necessarily mean that a child is ”hyper” or always on the go. They can also present redrawn, difficulty with executive functioning skills and even navigating friendships at times.

In conclusion, before you tell someone what ADHD looks or doesn’t look like, be mindful of the experience through their eyes. it’s different for everyone.

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