Anxiety is normal and experienced by everyone. This feeling is the brain’s way of reacting to stress or distressing issues/problems (perceived or actual).

Anxiety is usually triggered last minute before an event. The fear of losing control, anticipation, fear of judgment, fear of overstimulation, etc. can trigger anxiety.

For example, a death in the family, work stress or ongoing worry about finances, before a presentation, an examination or interview, and so.

Whereas, Anxiety disorder is a mental illness of being in a state of constant intense fear and distress. Likewise, it involves more severe symptoms that prevent everyday activities.

The mind and the senses are the anxiety stress responses to perceived or actual dangers. When you feel threatened, your nervous system responds by releasing a flood of stress hormones (adrenaline and cortisol).

How To Moderate Stress Hormone Levels.

  1. Lower stress level
  2. Exercise (Relaxation, Spa, Yoga)
  3. Balanced diet
  4. Sleep well
  5. Supplements.




Types of Anxiety Disorders:

There are five common Anxiety Disorders.

  • Generalized anxiety disorder – Excessive worry and tension triggered by sensed or real danger. Symptoms could include restlessness, difficulty concentrating, sleeplessness, and so on.
  • Panic Disorder – is a sudden episode of intense fear that triggers severe physical reactions when there is no real danger. Reacting to a panic attack may include chest pain, increased heart rate, shortness of breath, dizziness, abdominal distress etc.
  • Social Phobia – Excessive worry, self-consciousness with daily social situations. Fear of being judged and, embarrassed.

People with social phobias usually avoid social situations entirely.

 Other Phobias could include:

  • 1. Fear of height (Acrophobia)
  • 2. Fear of flying (Aerophobia)
  • 3. Fear of tight spaces (Claustrophobia)
  • 4. Fear of water (Hydrophobia).
  • PTSD(Post – Traumatic Disorder)– is an anxiety disorder triggered by the experience of a terrifying event. Example accident, sexual assault, trauma, childbirth, etc.
  • OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) – disorder (OCD) features a pattern of unwanted thoughts and fears (obsessions) that lead you to do repetitive behaviors (compulsions). These fears and behaviors interfere with daily activities and cause significant distress.

Examples could include the following:

Obsessions that involve the fear of contamination this is associated with the compulsion of cleaning and washing.

Obsessions related to symmetry or perfection – are categorized by the need to arrange objects in a specific manner.


Cause of Anxiety Disorder

The causes of anxiety disorder are not fully understood. However, the following are some known causes.

  • Chemical Imbalance: Chemical balance that controls moods when distorted by stress can trigger anxiety
  • Hereditary
  • Environmental factor.
  • Medical issues – For example,
    i. Drug misuse or Withdrawal from alcohol
    ii. Anti-anxiety medications or other medications
    iii. Chronic pain or irritable bowel syndrome
    iv. Rare tumors that produce certain fight-or-flight hormones,

Complications of Anxiety

Having an anxiety disorder can also lead to, or worsen, other mental and physical conditions. such as,

  • Depression (which often occurs with an anxiety disorder) or other mental health disorders
  • Substance misuse
  • Trouble sleeping (insomnia)
  • Digestive or bowel problems
  • Headaches and chronic pain
  • Social isolation
  • Problems functioning at school or work
  • Poor quality of life
  • Suicide
Common Symptoms:
  1. Nausea
  2. Cold/Sweaty palms
  3. Increased Heart rate
  4. Difficulty sleeping
  5. Weakness
  6. Trembling
  7. Feeling overwhelmed
  8. Depressed
  9. Irritation
  1. Medications: Antidepressants such as Serotonin therapy SSRI (Selective Serotonin reuptake inhibitors) to boost the happy mood.
  2. Stress management
  3. See a Psychologist
  4. Limit the intake of caffeine
  5. Daily Positive Affirmations

In fact, according to NAMI (National Alliance on mental illness), one out of every five adults will experience mental health disorders at some point in their lives. It is common and highly treatable. It all begins with being open and being non-judgmental to talk about it and seek help.

Equally Important, listen to your body and find a balance. Your body is a translator of your emotions. Hence, it is important that when you feel pain, its a signal for you to pay attention.